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Shoulder periarthritis

Shoulder periarthritis
Pain in the shoulder
Causes pain in the shoulder.
The shoulder joint is characterized as a "hinge of soft tissue", and the stability depends largely on the muscles and ligaments of periochis.Echei very large range of motion. Only 25% to 30% of the head of the humerus in contact with omoglini.
The shoulder joint is formed by three bones. The shoulder, the humerus and clavicle. The tendons of four muscles form the rotator cuff of (rotator cuff). These muscles are the yperakanthios the ypakanthios the minor round and ypoplatios. Tendons connect muscles to bone. Muscles move bones means of tendons. The rotator cuff of, joins the scapula with the humerus bone, and participates in lifting and turning of the hand. As the hand gets the petal that stabilizes the head of the humerus with omoglini (the articular surface of the scapula). The part of the shoulder above the shoulder joint called the acromion. Between the acromion and the tendon is a bursa. This is a lubricating sac that protects the muscles and tendons during movement, minimizing friction.
Apart from the fact that the shoulder joint should be functional, should provide the necessary stability for the full functionality of the hand. This role makes it prone to injury. Most often pain in the shoulder is the result of injury or exhaustion of the follicle, muscle, tendons and ligaments in the area.
Details:
• Tendinitis - damage and inflammation resulting from minor injuries to the tendons of the region, the result of intense activity or repeated wrong move the joint (overuse syndrome - overuse syndrome).
• Tendinitis ASVESTOPOIOS-deposition of calcium salts in the mass of the tendon
• Bursitis - inflammation of the synovial cavity of joints accompanied by swelling. Usually because of exhaustion of the area.
• Arthritis - degenerative changes in articular cartilage of articular surfaces.
• TRIGGER POINTS POINTS or IGNITING PAIN - the minor injuries of muscles can cause the creation of trigger point, ie sore points that can show pain in different areas of the hand away from the injury.
• cervical syndrome - pain resulting from nerve inflammation (radiculitis) from the cervical spine.
. TOTAL tendon rupture
• In rare cases the cause of pain may be due to a neoplasm or other pathological causes.
Basic symptoms
The symptoms are commensurate with the underlying cause of the problem. But we can summarize:
1. Pain may have exacerbations, changing or constant, radiating across the hand, or is perceived during specific movements or during night rest.
2. Limitation of motion of joints
3. Instability of the joint.
4. Swelling in the acute phase.
5. Muscle weakness
Diagnosis
Due to the complexity of the joint, but also the many possible causes that can cause pain, the assessment of the problem, understanding the mechanism that caused the problem and the outlook for recovery is a complex process. Includes clinical evaluation of the patient, ie the control range of motion of joints, control of muscle force, the neurological examination (sensation - reflexes), palpation, in order to reproduce the pain and various other tests. Recruited diagnostic methods such as radiography, CT or MRI, EMG, etc.. Then according to the findings in the treatment plan according to individual patient's needs.
Treatment
Treatment may include:
• Medication.
• Physiotherapy.
• Surgery in the event of failure of conservative treatment
Prevention
Better to prevent than to cure for this:
• stretching exercises before intense muscular activity.
• Good musculature.
• Often breaks in periods of intense activity.
• Diversity of movements, we use several joints.
• Improvement of the technique to athletes or people with physical work.
• In case of pain that we stop and apply ice.